We are in love with coffee! Most of us can’t function without that first cup of coffee. Coffee has many health benefits. One of them is protection against Alzheimers. Many studies have shown that drinking coffee decreases cognitive decline and neurodegenerative disorders.
Coffee has many flavors and tastes. Starbucks, Pete's Coffee, and Coffee Bean and Tea Leaf are the major specialty coffee retailers. However, small new coffee shops are opening everywhere. These small coffee shops serve coffee that has more flavor and tastes better, and it's healthier than the big chain coffee shops.
To maximize the benefits of home-made coffee choose:
Coffee in the following order: direct trade, organic, fair trade, and conventional. Conventionally grown coffee in general has traces of pesticides, fumigants and is grown in depleted soil (less nutrition).
Small-scale coffee roasters vs large commercial scale. If the coffee containers on display have oily residues, the coffee was roasted on a large scale, with gas or oil. Small-scale roasters use higher quality coffee and are fresher.
Arabica vs Robusta. Robusta coffee contains higher amounts of acrylamide (neurotoxic byproduct of the coffee roasting processes).
Freshly roasted coffee from small coffee shops or health food stores (no longer than two weeks) vs stores or coffee chains. Freshly roasted coffee has more flavor/taste, less oxidized (like everything else, coffee gets spoiled) and is healthier for you. Many people cannot discriminate between rancid coffee and dark roasted coffee.
Invest in a coffee grinder. Freshly ground whole beans have more flavor. Grind beans as you need them to prolong the life of the whole beens.
Drink your coffee with some fats. Organic whole milk is the way to go. Fats help keep caffeine in your body longer and eliminate caffeine highs.
Decaf coffee has very little health benefit, but if you like decaf coffee then choose one that uses water vs a solvent process to remove caffeine.
Do not let your drip coffee stay on the hot plate for more then 20 min. After 20 min health-beneficial compounds break down and unhealthy compounds are formed.
Light or medium roasted coffee has more caffeine than dark roast.
Karina, Do Good Kitchen